Juglans regia seed
NAME: English Walnut
OTHER COMMON NAMES: English Walnut
SCIENTIFIC NAME: Juglans regia
Scarification: Soak in water, let stand in water for 24 hours.
Stratification: cold stratify for 120 days.
Germination: sow 1-2″ deep, tamp the soil, mulch the bed
HARVEST: Summer – Fall
PLANT HEIGHT: 50-70 feet
LIGHT REQUIREMENTS: Full Sun
SOIL & WATER PREFERENCES: Well-drained/ Medium
OTHER: Juglans regia is a large deciduousattaining heights of 25–35 m, and a trunk up to 2 m diameter, commonly with a short trunk and broad crown, though taller and narrower in dense forest competition. It is a light-demanding species, requiring full sun to grow well.The bark is smooth, olive-brown when young and silvery-grey on older branches, and features scattered broad fissures with a rougher texture. Like all walnuts, the pith of the twigs contains air spaces, and the chambered pith is brownish in colour. The leaves are alternately arranged, 25–40 cm long, odd- pinnate with 5–9 leaflets, paired alternately with one terminal leaflet. The largest leaflets the three at the apex, 10–18 cm long and 6–8 cm broad; the basal pair of leaflets much smaller, 5–8 cm long, the margins of the leaflets entire. The male flowers are in drooping catkins 5–10 cm long, and the female flowers terminal, in clusters of two to five, ripening in the autumn into a fruit with a green, semi-fleshy husk and a brown corrugated nut . The whole fruit, including the husk, falls in autumn; the seed is large, with a relatively thin shell, and edible, with a rich flavour.