Bischofia javanica seeds Bishop wood
Bischofia javanica (Bishop wood) is a plant species of the family Phyllanthaceae. It and the related B. polycarpa are the only two members of genus (Bischofia) and tribe (Bischofieae). These species are distributed throughout southern and southeast Asia to Australia and Polynesia also in North America (brought to North America as a decorative plant but now considered to be an invasive species). The tree is commonly used by tigers to scratch-mark territory in the jungles of Assam where it is locally called uriam.
The dark red, dense wood is used as a building material
The fruits are used in making wine
The seeds, which are edible, contain 30-54% oil, which is used as a lubricant
The bark is used as a source of red dye
The roots are used medicinally
The leaves are eaten in Southern Laos dipped into chili sauce.