Abies nordmanniana seed

Native to the Caucasus Mountains, Caucasian fir is a dense, pyramidal conifer that typically grows 35-50 metres tall and 5 metre wide in cultivation. Trees are typically branched to the ground. Branches are densely clad with flattened, glossy dark green needles (to 1 1/4” long).

Needles have two white bands underneath. Bark is charcoal gray. Cylindrical seed cones (to 6″ long) are dark reddish-brown. As is distinctive with the firs, the cones appear upright on the branches. Cones disintegrate (scales drop) after the seeds ripen.
Caucasian fir is a popular commercially grown Christmas tree.