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Ziziphus jujube seeds chinese Ziziphus tree

Ziziphus jujube is a fast growing small deciduous fruiting tree or shrub reaching a height up to 35 feet, usually with thorny branches. The small oval, shiny, bright green leaves are 1 to 2 inches long and turn bright yellow before falling in the autumn. The small mildly fragrant flowers are about ½ inch in diameter with five inconspicuous yellowish-green petals. The tree flowers from late spring through the summer. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects. The plant is self-fertile.  The fruit then forms in drupes, varying from round to elongate and from cherry to plum size. The edible skin surrounds white, crisp, sweet flesh with an inner stone containing two seeds. When immature the fruit is smooth-green, with the consistency and taste of an apple, maturing brown to purplish-black and eventually wrinkled, looking like a small date.
The fruit can be eaten fresh, dried like dates or cooked in puddings, cakes, breads, jellies, soups, etc. The dried fruit has the nicest taste. The fruits are often left to become wrinkled and spongy, which increases their sweetness, and are then eaten fresh or cooked. The dried fruit can also be ground into a powder. This powder is used in the preparation of 'kochujang', a fermented hot pepper-soybean paste that resembles miso. The fruit can be used as a coffee substitute.
Jujube is both a delicious fruit and an effective herbal remedy. It aids weight gain, improves muscular strength and increases stamina. In chinese medicine it is prescribed as a tonic to strengthen liver function. Japanese research has shown that jujube increases immune-system resistance. Antidote, diuretic, emollient, expectorant. The dried fruits contain saponins, triterpenoids and alkaloids. They are anodyne, anticancer, pectoral, refrigerant, sedative, stomachic, styptic and tonic. They are considered to purify the blood and aid digestion. They are used internally in the treatment of a range of conditions including chronic fatigue, loss of appetite, diarrhea, pharyngitis, bronchitis, anemia, irritability and hysteria. The root is used in the treatment of dyspepsia. A decoction of the root has been used in the treatment of fevers. The root is made into a powder and applied to old wounds and ulcers. The leaves are astringent and febrifuge. The plant is widely used in china as a treatment for burns.
Common Names: Jujube, Chinese Date, Tsao
Zone: 6 to 9 (possibly 5)
Growth rate: Slow-Moderate
Plant Type: Deciduous Fruiting Tree
Family: Rhamnaceae
Native Range: China
Height: 15 to 35 feet
Spread: 15 to 25 feet
Bloom Time: Spring
Bloom Color: yellowish-green
Flower/Fruit: .25" yellowish fragrant flowers in late spring followed by edible .5 to 1" shiny, dark red to black fruit.
Sun: Full sun
Fall Color: Yellow
Drought tolerance: High
Water: Medium
Maintenance: Low
Culture: The trees need a hot dry summer if they are to fruit well. Fast growing and quick to mature, it can fruit in 3-4 years from seed.
Sowing Ziziphus jujube Seeds:
Scarification, warm and cold stratification and moisture enhance germination.
Chinese Date needs a warm spell then a cold spell in order to mature the embryo and reduce the seed coat.
Scarify: Pour hot water over seeds. Soak for 24 hours
Stratify: Warm 90 Days, Cold 90 days, 40 Degrees F
Germination: Sow 1/2” deep