Elder seed Sambucus nigra seeds
Common Name: European Red Elder
Other Name: Red Elderberry
Zone Hardiness Cold: 4
Zone Hardiness warm: 7
Height / Spread: 3m/3m
Plant Type: Medium Shrub
Growth rate: medium-fast
Vegetation type: deciduous
Leaf /color: green/white
It is in flower from April to May, and the seeds ripen from June to July. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Insects.
The plant prefers light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils and can grow in heavy clay soil. The plant prefers acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils. It can grow in semi-shade (light woodland) or no shade. It requires moist soil. The plant can tolerates strong winds but not maritime exposure. It can tolerate atmospheric pollution.